radioactive contamination – deposition or ‘fallout’ maps

FUKUSHIMA 11/3/11

Position of Japan on globe:

japan-globe

Gobal deposition of Cesium-137 during the first 80 days:

Microsoft Word - fuku deposition maps.docx

More maps showing the global distribution of radioactive materials released from Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant here:

http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/4607/2014/acp-14-4607-2014.pdf

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Map from 2012 which gives an indication of the extent of the radioactive contamination by gamma-emitting materials such as Cesium-137 and Cesium-134 at that time:

http://www.evacuate-fukushima.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/12729262_10205552592394790_4637676798339243606_n.jpg

However, this map does not show the spread of other radionuclides which emit alpha radiation, such as Plutonium-239, and beta radiation such as Strontium-90, which are particularly hazardous when lodged inside the body when inhaled or ingested.

Nor does this map accurately represent the contamination today, in March 2016, as radioactive materials continue to be emitted by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant via air and water, while winds, rain, snow, ocean waves, rivers, animals, vehicles, ‘decontamintation’ and incineration of radioactive waste will continue to re-distribute and spread it further, as discussed by ROBERT JACOBS in “The Broken Maps of Fukushima”:

Microsoft Word - fuku deposition maps.docx

WideDepositionJpMap-2012-07-12osenmapsm
2012 map showing wide deposition of radionuclides from FDNPP

Bo Jacobs re how the contamination maps become innacurate or ‘broken’ because contamination is further spread around by rain, snow, wind, floods, incineration of radioactive waste, animals and more: http://www.dianuke.org/broken-maps-fukushima/

Minna no Data Site: Combined Database of Independent Radioactivity Measurement Labs

Map of Japan using citizens radiation measurements:

http://www.minnanods.net/soil/pref17_colored/map17.html

Professor Yukio Hayakawa’s Radiation Contour Map of the Fukushima I Nuke Plant Accident, Ver 7, 2011:

Front page(pdf 5.5MBjpg 3.3MB
Back page (pdf 8.7MBjpg 2.7MB

 

fuku deposition maps-1a        fuku deposition maps-1b

Fukushimafallout

311DepositionMap

Microsoft Word - fuku deposition maps.docx       Yukio Hayakawa, Gunma University

dispersal of I131 over entire northern hemisphere by 7 April 2011:

GAMarzoFUKUI131dispersalmap

http://openarchive.enea.it/bitstream/handle/10840/4952/1-s2.0-S1352231014004555-main.pdf?sequence=1

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if there was an accident like the one at Fukushima Daiichi at San Onofre nuclear power plant (NPP) in Southern California, it might look like this:

California-Map_J1

Like Fukushima Daiichi NPP, San Onofre NPP also sits on a fault line …

and if there was an accident like the one at Fukushima Daiichi at Indian Point nuclear power plant (NPP) in New York state, it might look like this:

fuushimaradiationoverindianpoint


CHERNOBYL, Ukraine, (formerly USSR) 26 April 1986

Slide03

ChernobylfalloutoverEurope

tchernobyl_radiation_1996

ChernobylDeposition

contamination of part of Belarus in 1986 – the area highlighted on the green map in the top right-hand corner:

BELARUS1986zagriaznenie-cesium-briansk

contamination of the same part of Belarus twenty years later, in 2006:

319043_html_m707672d8

contamination of another part of Belarus in 2006:

BELARUS2006.1828556

projection of contamination of the same part of Belarus ten years later, in 2016:

BELARUS2016karta-cesiy-gomel-2016

more radioactive contamination maps of Belarus here:

http://chornobyl.in.ua/karta-belorussii.html

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maps showing spread radioactivity in UK from a nuclear accident like Chernobyl:

http://www.dailystar.co.uk/news/latest-news/510439/Chernobyl-30-years-UK-disaster-plot-map-hinkley-point-explosion

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2012 map showing spread of Iodine-131 from Chernobyl over Europe in May 1986 – nb the high concentration in Austria:

ChernobylI131Austriahotspot2012
distribution of cumulative I-131 activity concentrations in the air over Europe in May 1986 in Bq*d/m3 = becquerels x days per cubic metre of air.

Three Mile Island (TMI)Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, USA, March 28, 1979

The circle indicates a ten-mile radius around TMI nuclear power plant:

threemileisland-25mile-radius


Windscale, Cumbria, England, 10 October 1957

map-radiation-from-windscal


Kyshtym, Mayak, Russia (formerly USSR) 29 September 1957

Kyshtym-Mayak-1957

By Jan Rieke, maps-for-free.com; Minimap: NordNordWest, Historicair, Bourrichon, Insider, Kneiphof [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)%5D, via Wikimedia Commons


Antineutrino glow concentrated around nuclear power plants:

“Nuclear power plants, including the 58 in France, stand out like pimples. Reactors are the only source of human-made antineutrinos, which are created during fission”.

ANTINEUTRINO RAINBOW  A global map of antineutrino emissions illustrates that many of the wispy particles are released from Earth’s crust and nuclear reactors:

100315_scivis_feat_free

Map: S.M. USMAN, G.R. JOCHER, S.T. DYE, W.F. MCDONOUGH, J.G. LEARNED, ADAPTED BY S. EGTS

https://www.sciencenews.org/article/map-captures-earth’s-antineutrino-glow?mode=magazine&context=190251

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